Best Gynecologist Doctor for PCOS in Gurgaon
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome or PCOS is one of the commonly occurring problems in women. This endocrine disorder has relatively affected more than 20% of women of their reproductive age worldwide. As the name suggests, women with PCOS have ovaries with numerous cysts that look like a bunch of pearls when observed in an ultrasound scan. Another characteristic in PCOS women observed by best doctors for PCOS in Gurgaon and elsewhere is that they have elevated levels of androgens. Androgens are male hormones present in women, produced in the ovaries but in small amounts. Usually, these androgens are converted to estrogen enabling ovulation and luteal phase developments of the menstrual cycle.
Why does it happen?
PCOS is a disorder of the endocrine system in which hormonal imbalance is seen. It usually happens when the levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) formed in the pituitary gland and/or insulin formed in the pancreas are in excess causing the ovaries to produce more androgens than normal. The androgens do not get converted to estrogen and lead to a series of PCOS conditions such as irregular menstruation, polycystic ovaries, etc.
What causes PCOS?
The possible causes of PCOS are illustrated as below:
- Insulin resistance: Insulin is produced in the pancreas that allows the conversion of glucose into energy. When the cells develop insulin resistance, the blood glucose does not get converted to energy causing increased blood glucose levels. This also causes the pancreas to produce more insulin and excess insulin might increase androgen production
- Low-grade inflammation: Research has shown that low-grade inflammation is associated with PCOS for the reason that inflammation can stimulate white blood cells production to fight infection. This in turn leads to the production of androgens.
- Genetic inheritance: If you have a family history of PCOS, you may be more likely to have PCOS as genes linked to PCOS can be inherited.
- More androgen production: The ovaries produce abnormally high levels of androgens causing symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
The symptoms of PCOS may include:
- Irregular or absence of menstrual periods for more than 3 months
- Enlarged ovaries with many cysts
- Unwanted growth of body and facial hair (hirsutism)
- Oily skin with acne
- Excessive hair thinning and male-pattern baldness
- Skin tags or small pockets of skin on the neck or armpits
- Thick patches of skin in the armpits, under the breasts, and back of the neck.
How does PCOS affect your body?
PCOS and hormonal imbalance as a result of PCOS can affect your body to a great extent. Some of the ways PCOS can affect the body are:
- Polycystic ovaries: The higher LH and androgen levels do not allow the ovaries to ovulate. The Immature eggs within the developing follicles do not get released instead get trapped within the follicles forming fluid-filled cysts. The accumulation of such cysts gives it the name polycystic ovaries.
- Infertility: As the ovaries do not ovulate regularly and release eggs, fertilization does not occur leading to infertility. To get pregnant, PCOS-affected women will have to regularize ovulation.
- Metabolic disorders: Women with PCOS have problems with gaining weight. Excess insulin in PCOS can develop a high risk of having type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disorders.
- Sleep apnea: PCOS can also cause interrupted sleep and sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition where frequent breathing pauses are observed while sleeping leading to disturbed sleep.
- Endometrial cancer: During menstruation, the uterine lining sheds, and bleeds. But, in PCOS, ovulation is irregular and the frequency of menstruation is altered. This can lead to the building up of uterine tissues and thickening of the endometrium increasing the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Depression: Women with PCOS undergo hormonal changes leading to symptoms like scalp hair thinning, body and facial hair growths, acne, psychological issues such as depression, and anxiety.
How to diagnose PCOS?
The best gynecologist in gurgaon for pcos can help diagnose PCOS by primarily understanding your ovulation cycle. Some of the diagnostic tests for PCOS are:
- Pelvic examination
- Ultrasound to check the status of the ovaries and uterus
- Blood analysis to review the hormonal status
Why choose Mulberry for PCOS treatment in Gurgaon?
Mulberry has the best gynecologist in Gurgaon for PCOS who can help you manage the symptoms of PCOS and help conceive with PCOS. PCOS treatment in Gurgaon begins with certain lifestyle modifications such as dietary changes and moderate exercises that can help take care of the PCOS symptoms.
Hormonal medications can help normalize menstrual periods, regularise the release of eggs, and regulate symptoms of PCOS including acne, hair loss, etc.
How can I get pregnant with PCOS?
If you have PCOS and have issues getting pregnant, the best gynecologist for PCOS in Gurgaon can help you with a range of fertility treatment options for PCOS.
- Ovulation Induction (OI): OI uses hormonal medications to induce the ovaries to produce more follicles. The mature follicles that produce eggs can be fertilized naturally. Eggs can be fertilized through Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), or In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).
- Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): IUI is an artificial insemination process where the retrieved sperms are injected into the uterus for fertilization at the right moment of ovulation. Here, fertilization occurs within the female reproductive tract.
- Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART): In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a form of ART where the eggs and the sperms are retrieved which are fertilized in a laboratory. The best doctor for PCOS in Gurgaon selects the most viable embryos formed as a result of IVF and are transferred into the woman’s womb.
If you are in Gurgaon and looking for the best gynecologist in Gurgaon for PCOS, connect with us at Mulberry women's care.